Police identified a number of attacks which matched Sutcliffe's modus operandi and tried to question the killer, but he was never charged with other crimes. [6] Since his conviction in 1981 Sutcliffe has been linked to a number of other unsolved murders and attacks. One of his brothers admitted that their father was an abusive alcoholic, stating that their father once smashed a beer glass over Peter's head for sitting in his chair at the Christmas table, after arguing, when the brother was four or five years old. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, West Leeds street wins People's Postcode Lottery daily prize with residents scooping up to 3k, M1 Leeds crash: Woman dies after campervan crashes with lorry on motorway near Garforth, Stuff of nightmares Ronald Brown finally brought to justice 21 years after raping 17-year-old girl, M1 Leeds crash: Live updates as police close motorway near Garforth due to serious crash, Aldi launches new budget garden gazebo in time for heatwave - heres how to buy, Best boxed mattresses UK 2022: best mattresses in a box, from Emma, Simba, Nectar, Simba Luxe and OTTY, Where to buy Deborah James Rebellious Hope T-Shirt clothing line as campaigner dies of bowel cancer at 40, How to keep your dog cool in the heat - from cooling mats and coats, to splash pools and elevated dog beds, 15 best paddling pools 2022: keep kids and adults cool this summer - and deals from Argos, Asda and Amazon, This website and its associated newspaper are members of Independent Press Standards Organisation (IPSO). She was soliciting on Spencer Place when Sutcliffe picked her up and he drove her to some waste ground behind a mill on Buslingthorpe Lane. The 2021 podcast "Crime Analysis" covers Peter Sutcliffe's crimes, focusing on the victims, the investigation and forensics, trial, and aftermath including an interview with the son of victim Wilma McCann. The last six attacks were on totally respectable women". [84], Another suspected victim of Sutcliffe was Yvonne Mysliwiec, a 21-year-old student attacked by a man with a ball-peen hammer at Ilkley train station in October 1979. [122] The appeal was rejected on 14 January 2011. [121] The hearing for Sutcliffe's appeal against the ruling began on 30November 2010 at the Court of Appeal. [137] On 31 July 2020, the series won the BAFTA prize for Specialist Factual TV programming. [15] When Sonia completed the course in 1977 and began teaching, she and Sutcliffe used her salary to buy a house at 6Garden Lane in Heaton in Bradford, into which they moved on 26September 1977, and where they were living at the time of Sutcliffe's arrest. Disturbed by a neighbour, he left without killing her. He reportedly refused treatment. Many architecturally significant villas and mansions were built in the area and several of Leeds mill owners had large residences in Chapeltown. Following Sutcliffe's conviction, the government ordered a review of the investigation, conducted by the Inspector of Constabulary Lawrence Byford, known as the "Byford Report". [27] An extensive inquiry, involving 150officers of the West Yorkshire Police and 11,000interviews, failed to find the culprit. [136], A three part series of one hour episodes, The Yorkshire Ripper Files: A very British crime story aired on BBC Four in March2019. On 20October 2005, Humble was charged with attempting to pervert the course of justice for sending the hoax letters and tape. The series was nominated for the British Academy Television Award for Best Drama Serial at the 2001 awards. tvmaze [89][90] These included the murders of prostitute Carol Lannen and trainee nursery nurse Elizabeth McCabe in Dundee in 1979 and 1980 respectively, which together became known as the "Templeton Woods murders" due to their bodies being found only 150 yards apart in Templeton Woods in the city. Once she was dead, Sutcliffe mutilated her corpse with a knife. The 5 note, hidden in a secret compartment in Jordan's handbag, was traced to branches of the Midland Bank in Shipley and Bingley. Dick Holland (later the Ripper Squad's second in command) that her attacker had a Yorkshire accent, but this information was ignored, as was the fact that neither she nor Rogulskij were in towns with a red light area. The 1982 Byford Report into the investigation concluded: "The ineffectiveness of the major incident room was a serious handicap to the Ripper investigation.

He struck Rytka on the head five times as she exited his vehicle, before stripping most of the clothes from her body (although her bra and polo-neck jumper were positioned above her breasts) and repeatedly stabbing her in the chest. [89][91] The murder of teenager Mary Gallagher in Glasgow in 1978 was also believed to be included on Hellawell's list of possible victims, and he was said to be taking this case "very seriously".

Sue MacGregor discussed the investigation with John Domaille, who later became assistant chief constable of West Yorkshire Police; Andy Laptew, who was a junior detective who interviewed Sutcliffe; Elaine Benson, who worked in the incident room and interviewed suspects; David Zackrisson, who investigated the "Wearside Jack" tape and letters in Sunderland; and Christa Ackroyd, a local journalist in Halifax. [101], In 2015, authors Chris Clark and Tim Tate published a book claiming links between Sutcliffe and unsolved murders, titled Yorkshire Ripper: The Secret Murders. [32]:188, The trial judge said Sutcliffe was beyond redemption, and hoped he would never leave prison.

Owing to the sensational nature of the case, the police handled an exceptional amount of information, some of it misleading (including the Wearside Jack hoax recorded message and letters purporting to be from the "Ripper"). [84] The killing took place only two days before Sutcliffe's known killing of Patricia Atkinson in Bradford. [143], For other people named Peter Sutcliffe, see, Investigations into other possible victims, The neurosurgeon was Dr.A.Hadi Khalili at, George Oldfield and other senior individuals involved in the hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper had consulted senior FBI, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of unsolved murders in the United Kingdom (1970s), World's End murders of Helen Scott and Christine Eadie, This Is Personal: The Hunt for the Yorkshire Ripper, List of serial killers by number of victims, "The Yorkshire Ripper files: Why Chapeltown in Leeds was the 'hunting ground' of Peter Sutcliffe", "Sir Lawrence Byford: Yorkshire Ripper report author dies", "The Yorkshire Ripper files review a stunningly mishandled manhunt", "Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe 'was never mentally ill' claims detective who hunted him", "Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe's brother describes disturbing childhood growing up with notorious serial killer", "Who is the Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffe? sutcliffe ripper yorkshire Paul Wilson, a convicted robber, asked to borrow a videotape before attempting to strangle Sutcliffe with the cable from a pair of stereo headphones. [41] On 25November 1980, Trevor Birdsall, an associate of Sutcliffe and the unwitting getaway driver as Sutcliffe fled his first documented assault in 1969, reported him to the police as a suspect. Rogulskyj survived after neurological surgery[a] but she was psychologically traumatised by the attack. Hill's body was found on wasteland near the Arndale Centre. [129][130], Sutcliffe died at University Hospital of North Durham aged74 on 13November 2020, having been sent there with COVID-19, after having previously returned to HMP Frankland following treatment for a suspected heart attack at the same hospital two weeks prior. Another Leeds attack took place just months later, when Marcella Claxton, 20, was attacked in Roundhay Park with a hammer after she had accepted a lift from Sutcliffe while walking home from a party. At his trial, Sutcliffe pleaded not guilty to murder on grounds of diminished responsibility, but he was convicted of murder on a majority verdict. Sutcliffe struck the back of her skull twice with a hammer, then inflicted "a stab wound to the throat; two stab wounds below the right breast; three stab wounds below the left breast and a series of nine stab wounds around the umbilicus". The basis of his defence was that he claimed to be the tool of God's will. [84] Detectives were able to eliminate him from 40 of these cases with reference to his lorry driver's logs which showed which part of the country he was in when he was working, leaving 22 unsolved crimes with hallmarks of a Sutcliffe attack which were investigated further. [36] Sutcliffe displayed regret only when talking of his youngest murder victim, Jayne MacDonald, and when questioned about the killing of Joan Harrison, he vehemently denied responsibility. [77] Just like Wilkinson, Pearson was bludgeoned with a heavy stone and was not stabbed, and was initially ruled out as a "Ripper" victim. He added that he was with Sutcliffe when he got out of a car to pursue a woman with whom he had had a bar room dispute in Halifax on 16August 1975. According to his statement, Sutcliffe said. [22][131][18][132] A private funeral ceremony was held, and Sutcliffe's body was cremated. Give yourself up before another innocent woman dies". His victim was Yvonne Pearson, a 21-year-old prostitute from Bradford. [84] Although a hammer wasn't used, Sutcliffe did also often use a knife to stab his victims. Sutcliffe was transferred from prison to Broadmoor Hospital in March 1984 after being diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. On 1 October 1977 Sutcliffe murdered Jean Jordan, a prostitute from Manchester.

Apart from a terrorist outrage, it is difficult to conceive of circumstances in which one man could account for so many victims. It resulted in Sutcliffe being at liberty for more than a month when he might conceivably have been in custody. [120] Sutcliffe spent the rest of his life in custody.

The series also starred Richard Ridings and James Laurenson as DSI Dick Holland and Chief Constable Ronald Gregory, respectively. The hoaxer case was re-opened in 2005, and DNA taken from envelopes was entered into the national database, in which it matched that of John Samuel Humble, an unemployed alcoholic and long-time resident of the Ford Estate in Sunderland a few miles from Castletown whose DNA had been taken following a drunk and disorderly offence in 2001. [123] On 9 March 2011, the Court of Appeal rejected Sutcliffe's application for leave to appeal to the Supreme Court.

[3][4] He had allegedly regularly used the services of prostitutes in Leeds and Bradford. The letters, signed "Jack the Ripper", claimed responsibility for the murder of 26-year-old Joan Harrison in Preston in November1975. When she got out of the car to urinate, he hit her from behind with a hammer. Over the next day, he calmly described his many attacks. [82] It alleged that, between 1966 and 1980, Peter Sutcliffe was responsible for at least 22 more murders than he was convicted of. In that episode, Sutcliffe is played by Joseph Mawle. He stamped on her thigh, leaving behind an impression of his boot. Two months later, on 23 April, Sutcliffe killed Patricia "Tina" Atkinson, a prostitute from Bradford, in her flat, where police found a bootprint on the bedclothes. What is needed is an officer of sound professional competence who will inspire confidence and loyalty". [125] In August2016, a medical tribunal ruled that he no longer required clinical treatment for his mental condition, and could be returned to prison. [18], He is also known to have attacked 10other women:[19] a woman of unknown name (Bradford 1969), Anna Rogulskyj (Keighley 1975), Olive Smelt (Halifax 1975), Tracy Browne (Silsden 1975), Marcella Claxton (Leeds 1976), Maureen Long (Bradford 1977) Marilyn Moore (Leeds 1977), Ann Rooney (Leeds 1979)[20] Upadhya Bandara (Leeds 1980), and Theresa Sykes (Huddersfield 1980). [76] Around the time of Wilkinson's murder it was widely reported that professor David Gee, the Home Office Pathologist who conducted all the post-mortem examinations on the Ripper victims, said that there were similarities between the murder of Carol Wilkinson and the murder of victim Yvonne Pearson by Sutcliffe. She survived. [99][90] However, several aspects of the attack did not fit Sutcliffe's MO, particularly as she hit been hit from the front and had been the victim of a robbery. The 28-year-old lived in a boarding house on Cowper Street, and was also picked up outside the Gaiety. [67], This letter was marked "Priority No. Despite being found sane at his trial, Sutcliffe was diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. [102] Derbyshire Constabulary dismissed the theory, pointing to the fact that a reinvestigation in 2002 had found that only Stephen Downing couldn't be ruled out of the investigation, and responded by stating that there was no evidence linking Sutcliffe to the crime. The sections "Description of suspects, photofits and other assaults" and parts of the section on Sutcliffe's "immediate associates" were not disclosed by the Home Office. [56] He found wanting Oldfield's focus on the hoax confessional tape[57]:8687 that seemed to indicate a perpetrator with a Wearside background,[58] and his ignoring advice from survivors of Sutcliffe's attacks and several eminent specialists, including from the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the US, along with dialect analysts[59] such as Stanley Ellis and Jack Windsor Lewis,[57]:88 whom he had also consulted throughout the manhunt, that "Wearside Jack" was a hoaxer. Although Sutcliffe had already attacked several women who survived their ordeals, his first murder took place in Chapeltown in 1975. She was hit with a hammer on Soldiers Field and her body was left behind the sports pavilion, where it was found by a jogger. He was interrupted and fled, leaving her for dead. [2]:36. [103] The Mayo, Stratford and Weedon cases did not feature in the 2022 documentary version of Clark's book. In 1977, a prostitute from Chapeltown, Irene Richardson, was murdered in Roundhay Park. [43], Sutcliffe was charged on 5January 1981. At this point, police believed they were hunting for a 'prostitute killer', and their activities focused on Chapeltown. [17], Sutcliffe's 13known murder victims were Wilma McCann (Leeds 1975), Emily Jackson (Leeds 1976), Irene Richardson (Leeds 1977), Patricia "Tina" Atkinson (Bradford 1977), Jayne MacDonald (Leeds 1977), Jean Jordan (Manchester 1977), Yvonne Pearson (Bradford 1978), Helen Rytka (Huddersfield 1978), Vera Millward (Manchester 1978), Josephine Whitaker (Halifax 1979), Barbara Leach (Bradford 1979), Marguerite Walls (Leeds 1980) and Jacqueline Hill (Leeds 1980). Towards the end of the year, he targeted another Chapeltown prostitute, Marilyn Moore. The urge inside me to kill girls was now practically uncontrollable. The only explanation for it, on the jury's verdict, was anger, hatred and obsession. Despite the false lead, Sutcliffe was interviewed on at least two other occasions in 1979. We, as a police force, will continue to arrest prostitutes. Tyre tracks found at the scene matched those from an earlier attack. ripper "The women I killed were filth", he told police. [86] At this time police also announced they were ready to bring charges against Sutcliffe for another attack on a woman who was listed as a possible victim of Sutcliffe by Hellawell, Mo Lea, who had been attacked with a hammer in Leeds in October 1980 by a man matching Sutcliffe's description. Chapeltown began to regenerate as the area became more welcoming to families and significant investment was ploughed into local amenities and community projects. [105] He began his sentence at HM Prison Parkhurst on 22May 1981. [24] She said later: On the night of 15August, Sutcliffe attacked Olive Smelt in Halifax. He was unemployed until October1976, when he found a job as an HGV driver for T. & W.H. [12] Her photofit bore a strong resemblance to Sutcliffe, like other survivors, and she provided a good description of his car, which had been seen in red-light districts. His victim, Wilma McCann, lived on Scott Hall Avenue and had been drinking in local pubs when Sutcliffe picked her up when she was thumbing drivers for a lift home. [77][76] Sutcliffe did not confess to Carol's murder at his Old Bailey trial, although by this time Steel was already the man serving time for the murder. [102], A number of murders Clark and Tate claimed could be linked to Sutcliffe already have DNA evidence, such as the murders of Barbara Mayo, Eve Stratford and Lynne Weedon, and investigators are known to already have a copy of Sutcliffe's DNA and have been able to rule him out of unsolved cases as a result. [112], On 22December 2007, Sutcliffe was attacked by fellow inmate Patrick Sureda, who lunged at him with a metal cutlery knife while shouting, "You fucking raping, murdering bastard, I'll blind your fucking other one!" Clark (Holdings) Ltd. on the Canal Road Industrial Estate in Bradford. [b] The investigation used it as a point of elimination rather than a line of enquiry and allowed Sutcliffe to avoid scrutiny, as he did not fit the profile of the sender of the tape or letters. Sutcliffe flung himself backwards and the blade missed his right eye, stabbing him in the cheek. [11], Reportedly a loner, Sutcliffe left school aged fifteen and had a series of menial jobs, including two stints as a gravedigger in the 1960s. He admitted he had hit her, but claimed it was with his hand.

The search for Sutcliffe was one of the largest and most expensive manhunts in British history, and West Yorkshire Police was criticised for its failure to catch him despite having interviewed him nine times in the course of its five-year investigation. [79] Another thing that linked Sutcliffe to the killing was that earlier on the same day as Wilkinson's killing, Sutcliffe had gone back to mutilate Jean Jordan's body before returning to Bradford, showing he had already gone out to attack victims that day and would have been in Bradford to attack Wilkinson after he come back from mutilating Jordan. [42], When Sutcliffe was stripped at the police station he was wearing an inverted V-necked jumper under his trousers. [90] Barbara Mayo was already ruled out as a Peter Sutcliffe victim by police in 1997, and the DNA sample in her murder case has not been linked by police to that of Weedon or Stratford, showing the murders were committed by different people. And how did he die? McCann, from Scott Hall in Leeds, was a mother of four children between the ages of 2 and 7. A police check by probationary constable Robert Hydes revealed Sutcliffe's car had false number plates and he was arrested and transferred to Dewsbury Police Station in West Yorkshire. "Bastard prostitutes who were littering the streets. [76] In 2008, Yallop again put forth the theory that Sutcliffe was the real killer. The report led to changes to investigative procedures that were adopted across UK police forces.