Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, U.S. government, Comptons Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications. kazakhstan almaty demographics ethnic Astana Kazakhstan is officially a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage. The death rate, which had been climbing slowly, was estimated at 7.9 per 1,000 population leaving a rate of natural increase of 1.1 percent, by far the lowest among the five Central Asian republics. |, The people of Central Asia are basically divided into two types: the traditional nomads and semi-nomads (Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Mongols and Turkmen) and the settled people (the Uzbeks and Tajiks). According to the 1999 census, 53.4 percent of inhabitants were Kazakh, 30 percent Russian, 3.7 percent Ukrainian, 2.5 percent Uzbek, 2.4 percent German, and 1.4 percent Uyghur. To most Kazakhs, these Russians are usurpers.

Various periods in the country's history have affected the existing demographic situation: the ethnic composition consists of Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Germans, Koreans, Poles, Greeks, Tatars, Turks and many other nationalities. As of January 1, 2004, the Republic consists of 14 regions, 86 towns (including 2 cities of national importance), 160 districts, 186 settlements, and 7,719 villages; the largest city of the country is Almaty, with a population over 1.5 million. They look similar, have many similar customs and speak similar languages. The same is true with Kyrgyz and Kazakhs. Kazakhstans climate is sharply continental, and hot summers alternate with equally extreme winters, especially in the plains and valleys. ins.style.minWidth = container.attributes.ezaw.value + 'px'; Kazakhs represent the transitive racial group between European and Mongolian South-Siberian peoples. Arguably those that live in western China and particularly Mongolia have stayed true to their nomadic ways than Kazakhs in Kazakhstan. google_ad_slot = "1705427773"; The After the decline of the Timurids in 15th century, while the Uzbeks were settling down on the land between the Syr-Darya and Amu-Darya, which more or less corresponds with modern Uzbekistan, the Kazakhs were living a nomadic life north of the Syr-Darya. var lo = new MutationObserver(window.ezaslEvent); In linguistic respects, Kazakhs belong to the Kipchak group of Turkic languages. Unlike other ethnic groups, ethnic Kazakhs are granted automatic citizenship. An Enhanced PCA (EPCA) ratified in 2016 will soon enter into force, bringing relations between the EU and Kazakhstan to a new level, with reinforced political dialogue in nearly thirty sectors. Oban During this period they raided each other and were raided by others and much as they raided other groups. In the thirties, fifties and sixties of the present century, Russians migrated from all regions of the former USSR for the creation of the industrial base and for the cultivation of the "virgin lands" in Kazakhstan. South Africa These movements have continued in the early 2000s. Only the three southernmost provinces were populated principally by Kazakhs and other Turkic groups; the capital city, Almaty, had a European (German and Russian) majority. The Russians began advancing into the Kazakh steppe in the 18th century, and by the mid-19th century, they nominally ruled all of Kazakhstan as part of the Russian Empire. We'll send you a reminder. Isle of South Uist if(ffid == 2){ These trends have allowed Kazakhs to become the titular majority again. It also has vast mineral resources. Since claiming independence the Central Asia nations have revived a language long and culture suppressed by the Soviet Union. [Source: CIA World Factbook], Kazakhstan is unique in that its people, the Kazakhs, did not form the majority of the population upon independence in 1991.

Lowlands make up one-third of Kazakhstans huge expanse, hilly plateaus and plains account for nearly half, and low mountainous regions about one-fifth. Population: 18,157,122 (July 2015 est. Through the Investment Facility for Central Asia (IFCA), the EU promotes investment in renewable energy, solid waste management and SME development, in cooperation with European Financial Institutions. Religions: Muslim 70.2 percent, Christian 26.2 percent (mainly Russian Orthodox), other 0.2 percent, atheist 2.8 percent, unspecified 0.5 percent (2009 est.) Fax: (+998 71) 230-96-55 Stirling In the first quarter of the 16th century, the Kazakhs dominated the majority of East Desht-i Kipchak. The major exceptions are the great Irtysh, Ishim (Esil), and Tobol rivers, which run northwest from the highlands in the southeast and, crossing Russia, ultimately drain into Arctic waters. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, and subsequent civil war, the territory of Kazakhstan was reorganised several times.

In 1995 the total fertility rate 2.4 births per woman, a drop from the 1990 figure of 2.8 also was far below the rates for the other Central Asian republics. Kazakhstan is the worlds largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100sqmi). In parts of northeastern and southwestern Kazakhstan, where commercial fishing collapsed as a result of industrial and agricultural pollution, efforts to revive fish populations have shown some success. The wolf, bear, and snow leopard, as well as the commercially important ermine and sable, are found in the hills. The capital is Astana, where it was moved in 1997 from Almaty, the countrys largest city. The EU supports Kazakhstans efforts towards intra-regional cooperation. Shygys Qazaqstan (East Kazakhstan) Province has a death rate of 12.9 per thousand; Soltustik Qazaqstan (North Kazakhstan) Province, eleven per 1,000; and Almaty Province, 11.3 deaths per 1,000. The total population of Kazakhstan is slightly over fifteen million inhabitants. Russians began expand into their territories in the 1700s while the other groups in Central Asia remained isolated. In 1989 some 1.4 million Kazakhs lived outside Kazakhstan, nearly all in the Russian and Uzbek republics. Nuclear bomb testing conducted during the Soviet period near Semey (Semipalatinsk) contaminated the soils in the vicinity. Its first and, to date (2016), only President is Nursultan Nazarbayev. Isle of Iona In 2006 Kazakhstans population was estimated at 15,233,244, of which about 52 percent was female. This is because they were the first people to be brought under Russian rule and have maintained close contacts with Russians over a long period. Mozambique. Isle of Harris Since then the poplation has risen to around 18 million again. Cape Verde Median age: total: 29.7 years; male: 28.4 years, female: 31.1 years (2014 est.). Most of these desert regions support slight vegetative cover fed by subterranean groundwater. 1 percent; 1939: 2.640,000; 38. There is an Assembly of People representing various minorities.

empower children in Haiti through tuition scholarships, care for homeless friends in Wilmington, NC. In most ways, the republic's two major ethnic groups, the Kazakhs and the "Russian-speakers" (Russians, Ukrainians, Germans, and Belarusians), may as well live in different countries.

In 1992 and 1993, the number of Russian emigrants was estimated at 100,000 to 300,000. Many Germans returned to Germany. Over one hundred different nationalities reside in the country. The terrain of Kazakhstan includes flatlands, steppe, taiga, rock canyons, hills, deltas, snow-capped mountains, and deserts. In the pre-Soviet era, only small numbers of them settled down and are engaged in agricultural production, in part because where they lived was not very well suited for agriculture. Temperatures fluctuate widely, with great variations between subregions. [Source: Library of Congress, March 1996 *], The declining birth rate is another issue with the potential to become politicized because it affects the demographic "race" between Kazakhs and Russians. With demographic statistics in mind, Kazakh nationalist parties have attempted to ban abortions and birth control for Kazakh women; they have also made efforts to reduce the number of Kazakh women who have children outside marriage. The Kazakhs (also spelled Kazakh or Khazak) have traditionally been excellent horsemen. Kazakhstan's government has actively encouraged the return of Kazakhs from elsewhere in the former Soviet Union and from China and Mongolia. Following internal struggles among the conquerors, power eventually reverted to the nomads. Ongoing regional programmes benefitting Kazakhstan cover areas ranging from integrated border management, trade and education, to water and climate change. google_ad_width = 250; While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Population density in Kazakhstan is 5.5 individuals per square kilometer. window.ezoSTPixelAdd(slotId, 'stat_source_id', 44); In 1936, it was made the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the Soviet Union. Nearly 8 million Kazakhs live in Kazakhstan now. var alS = 1021 % 1000; Kazakhstan is a unitary republic. Population pyramid: Dependency ratios: total dependency ratio: 48.7 percent; youth dependency ratio: 38.7 percent; elderly dependency ratio: 10 percent. In 1994 eight of the country's eleven provinces had Slavic (Russian and Ukrainian) population majorities. The region of Southern Kazakhstan is the most densely populated area of the country, with 18 individuals per square kilometer. Many Russians returned to Russia. The birthrate was 15.8 births per 1,000 population, and the death rate was 9.4 per 1,000 population. The US Census Bureau International Database lists the current population of Kazakhstan as 15,460,484, while United Nations sources such as the UN Population Division give an estimate of 15,753,460. To avoid confusion between Kazakhs and Kyrgyz until the 20th century Russians called Kazakhs Kyrgyz and Kyrgyz were called Black Kyrgyz. Most were moved to the northern provinces, where the majority of Kazakhstan's Russian population lives. [Source: Library of Congress, March 1996 *], Kazakhstan has by far the largest non-Asian population and the smallest population of other Central Asian ethnic groups (for example, only 2 percent are Uzbek). To this day, Kazakhs say, "the matchmaking lasts a thousand years, while the son-in-law lasts only a hundred." potential support ratio: 10 percent (2014 est.). The territory of Kazakhstan has historically been inhabited by nomadic tribes. Alexandre Bennigsen wrote in 1979 that sub-national and supra-national loyalties remain strong in Central Asia and actively compete with national ones; however, his thesis that this supra-national identity ought to be based on anti-Russian pan-Turkestanism with the Uzbeks as its directing element is difficult to accept, at least as far as Tajikistan is involved. [Source: Tajikistan by Kirill Nourzhanov and Christian Bleuer, Australia National University, 2013 ], See Separate Article PEOPLE OF CENTRAL ASIA factsanddetails.com. var ffid = 1; Another range, the Dzungarian Alatau, penetrates the country to the south of the depression containing Lake Balkhash. Kazakhs are the direct heirs of the nomadic cultural civilization of the European and Asian subcontinent, which has played a big role in the history of mankind. ", People of Kazakhstan: Noun: Kazakhstani(s); adjective: Kazakhstani.Ethnic groups: Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1 percent, Russian 23.7 percent, Uzbek 2.9 percent, Ukrainian 2.1 percent, Uighur 1.4 percent, Tatar 1.3 percent, German 1.1 percent, other 4.4 percent (2009 est.). However, the country benefits from regional and thematic programmes promoting regional cooperation, peace, stability and security in the region. India In the middle of the 15th century A.D. Kazakhs formed a separate ethnic group. In 1994, the population was estimated to be 17,268,000. Life expectancy at birth was 61.6 years for males and 72.5 years for females. ins.id = slotId + '-asloaded'; Large portions of the republic, especially in the south and west, have a population density of less than one person per square kilometer. Development cooperation with Kazakhstan will increasingly focus on investments as a means to reach the Sustainable Development Goals. Many believe they are essential the same people with Kazakhs traditionally residing in the steppes and Kyrgyz living in the mountains. Almaty Kazakhstan All rights reserved. [Source: CIA World Factbook =], Total fertility rate: 2.31 children born/woman (2015 est.

), country comparison to the world: 89. Kazakhstan,officially the Republic of Kazakhstan, is a transcontinental country in northern Central Asiaand Eastern Europe. During memorial services Kazakhs recite Muslim prayers and feast on lamb and horse.

Each zhuz was ruled by a khan and comprised of a number of tribes, which in turn were made up of clans. Some 56 percent of the population lives in urban areas, and the population is heavily concentrated in the northeast and southeast. var pid = 'ca-pub-3099591896784533'; [Source: Library of Congress, March 1996 *], Kazakhstan's ethnic composition is the driving force behind much of the country's political and cultural life. This changed in the 13th century, when Genghis Khan occupied the country as part of the Mongolian Empire. We are glad to answer and assist, please send us your questions or queries. Neighboring groups began calling them Kazakhs by the 17th or 18th centuries. Kazakhstan is the largest country in Central Asia and the ninth largest in the world. /* wordpress */ Official figures indicate that in the first half of 1994 some 220,400 people left, compared with 149,800 in the same period of 1993. Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.41 percent (male 2,294,513/female 2,319,233); 15-24 years: 15.33 percent (male 1,417,344/female 1,366,655); 25-54 years: 42.59 percent (male 3,768,418/female 3,965,188); 55-64 years: 9.49 percent (male 753,011/female 970,569); 65 years and over: 7.17 percent (male 448,857/female 853,334) (2015 est.). Starting in 1988, as a result of the crisis in the economy and society, the demographic situation seriously worsened: the birth rate descreased and the death rate increased. Non-Kazakh ethnic groups are well represented in the government and the economy but real power lies in the hands of Kazakhs, particularly those connected with the President Nazarbayevs family and clan. Kazakhstans 131 ethnicities include Kazakhs (63% of the population), Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, and Uyghurs. Kazakhstans highest point, Mount Khan-Tengri (Han-teng-ko-li Peak) at 22,949 feet (6,995 metres), in the Tien Shan range on the border between Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and China, contrasts with the flat or rolling terrain of most of the republic. *, The other major source of in-migration has been non-Kazakhs arriving from other parts of Central Asia to avoid inhospitable conditions; most of these people also have settled in northern Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has an estimated 18 million people as of 2014. The current President, Nursultan Nazarbayev, has been leader of the country since then, and is characterised as authoritarian, with a government history of human rights abuses and suppression of political opposition. More than a million lived in other countries, mainly China, Mongolia and Turkey and in Europe. Omissions? Many street names have reverted to their historical names.

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The vegetation on plains and deserts includes wormwood and tamarisk, with feather grass on drier plains. During the last two decades, the rate of population growth has been slow. The present-day Kazakhs became a recognizable group in the mid-fifteenth century, when clan leaders broke away from Abul Khayr, leader of the Uzbeks, to seek their own territory in the lands of Semirech'ye, between the Chu and Talas rivers in present-day southeastern Kazakhstan. The forced settlement of the nomadic Kazakhs in the Soviet period, combined with large-scale Slavic in-migration, strikingly altered the Kazakh way of life and led to considerable settlement and urbanization in Kazakhstan. Supported by rising oil output and prices, Kazakhstans economy grew at an average of 8% per year until 2013, before suffering a slowdown in 2014 and 2015 Kazakhstan was t As it extends across both sides of the Ural River, considered the dividing line with the European continent, Kazakhstan is one of only two landlocked countries in the world that has territory in two continents (the other is Azerbaijan). This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner. } Kazakhstans great mineral resources and arable lands have long aroused the envy of outsiders, and the resulting exploitation has generated environmental and political problems. The Nazarbayev government moved the capital from Almaty in the far southeast to Astana (formally Aqmola) in the north-central region . Clan and regional ties have historically been more important than ethnic identity. The total coefficient of the birth rate for the period of 1988-1995 declined from 25.5 to 17 on the basis of 1000 persons, and the coefficient of the death rate grew from 7.5 to 10. 2 percent; 1959: 2,755,000; 30.0 percent; 1970: 4,234,000; 32.6 percent; 1979: 5,289,000; 36.0 percent; 1989: 6,531,000; 39. ins.dataset.adClient = pid; While vast mineral and hydrocarbon resources have been driving its economy, Kazakhstan has now embarked on a transition to green energy. It is bounded on the northwest and north by Russia, on the east by China, and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea, and Turkmenistan; the Caspian Sea bounds Kazakhstan to the southwest. Because of declining life expectancy and decreases in the size of the Russian population, which is demographically older and has a low birth rate, the republic's residents are a relatively young group; in 1991 there were only 149 pensioners per 1,000 population, as opposed to 212 per 1,000 in the former Soviet Union as a whole. Isle of North Uist The first Kazakh Khans were Kerei and Zhanybek. St. Andrews It is the leading economy in Central Asia, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil and gas industry. A mix of nomadic Mongol and Turkic tribes, the Kazakhs moved into Central Asia in the 13th century and emerged as an ethnic group in the 15th century. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-3099591896784533"; If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. President: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, assisted by Prime Minister: Alikhan Smailov, unitary republic with a Parliament consisting of two houses (Senate [49, https://www.britannica.com/place/Kazakhstan, Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Kazakhstan - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Russians initially called referred to the Kazakhs as Kazakhs or Kazatsakaye but later called them Kyrgyz. This was done to distinguish the Kazakhs from the Cossacks. Fishermen take sturgeon, herring, and roach from the Caspian Sea.

After independence large numbers of Kazakhs moved to Kazakhstan and large numbers of non-Kazakhs mostly Russians moved out so that now Kazakhs do make a majority of Kazakhstans poplation. One size does not fit all, especially when it comes to website design and digital marketing. Stirling Birth rate: 19.15 births/1,000 population (2015 est. Updates? ins.dataset.adSlot = asau; According to one count there are 130 different ethnic groups in Kazakhstan. var container = document.getElementById(slotId); E-mail: info@OrexCA.com. By the 16th century, the Kazakh emerged as a distinct group, divided into three jz (ancestor branches occupying specific territories). Citizenship is based on residency rather than birth or ethnicity. ins.style.width = '100%'; In 2006 some 23 percent of the population was younger than 15 years of age, and //-->, Copyright Explore Kazakhstan 2017 Women and men received equal treatment for sexually transmitted infections. Inter-tribal marriages were important in establishing security and peace. Up to the late 15th century, the initial Khanates area was expanded and later included western Semirechie, some towns in southern Kazakhstan, and the major part of central Kazakhstan. Tatars and Uzbeks each represented about 2 percent of the population; Azerbaijanis, Uygurs, and Belarusians each represented 1 percent; and the remaining 4 percent included approximately ninety other nationalities. if(typeof window.adsenseNoUnit == 'undefined'){ Today, many of them recall with gratitude the warmth and comfort offered to them by the natives who shared their last piece of bread in the harsh years of the repressions. [Source: Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014: Kazakhstan, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, U.S. Department of State *], Of the 4.2 million women of childbearing age in the 1990s, an estimated 15 percent have borne seven or more children. ins.style.display = 'block'; Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).

Expatriated Kazakhs have been invited to return home and settle.