They are accommodated in the following institutions : 93 in-old an age home at Dragsbaek, 2 in the Nursing Home of Aarhus, 5 in the Convalescent home at Hareskovby, 6 in the sanatorium at Skerping and 11 in the mental hospital at Yiborg.

The training and placing of these miners in British coal mines is the responsibility of the Coal Board. The exact number of refugees who have had themselves repatriated is not yet known, but is probably between 150 and 200. The Inter-Ministerial Committee of Assistance to Hungarian Refugees, composed of representatives of several Ministries and private charitable organisations, has during the last eight months tackled all the problems raised by the mass arrival of people of all ages who are literally destitute and who need moral no less than material help. LS Camp building with Red Cross van parked in forecourt. At Ministerial level it has been decided: (i) weekly pocket-money for each refugee; (ii) allocation of a gratuity when the refugee takes up employment, the amount depending on his family situation.

Please Register or Log in to add a comment. Her Majesty's Government have decided that they cannot admit any further Hungarian refugees save where strong compassionate grounds exist, e. g. where the reuniting of families is involved. A number of establishments have made gifts of medical supplies to a value of T4,000. Register now. By 1st April 1957, Norway had admitted 200 refugees from Yugoslavia.

Since a little over 15,000 Hungarian emigrants have already been on Federal territory since the end of the Second World War, this means that there are about 30,000 Hungarian refugees at present living in the Federal Republic. Over 23,000 Hungarians have been admitted to the United Kingdom from Austria including 5,000 brought in to take the place of 5,000 who wished to go to Canada. Unissued / unused material - dates and locations may be unclear / unknown. Although integration of refugees is a difficult proposition for the Danish organisations concerned owing to unemployment and lack of housing there are no refugee camps in Denmark. Apart from food supplies, the proposed assistance will cover means of transport and medical equipment including an X-ray unit. Since the expiry of the amnesty on 31st March the Hungarian refugees seem to have been in a calmer frame of mind. The usual formalities were relaxed and provisional identity cards issued stating that the holder had the status of a foreign refugee within the meaning of the Geneva Convention on Refugees. After throwing its frontiers wide open to the Hungarian exodus, France has received about 10,000 refugees without discrimination of any kind. At least 2,000 wish to go to the United States but only very few of them are likely to move until the United States Congress takes steps to amend the United States immigration laws. All Hungarian students who expressed a desire to continue the studies they had begun at home have been found places in French universities. The Danish authorities, in co-operation with the Dansh Flygtningeh-jalp (Danish Refugee Relief Association), are continuing their efforts to provide private accommodation for them. Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. Research RoomMondayFriday 10:00 a.m.5:45 p.m. Galeria CentralisTuesdaySunday 10:00 a.m.6:00 p.m. In many cases this wish was probably a pretext for a clandestine return to Hungary. Some 170,000 refugees, among them more than 18,000 Jews, fled from Hungary to Austria after the Hungarian Revolution in October 1956. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions The recent arrivals seem anxious to obtain employment as quickly as possible so that they may settle down in a new situation after so many vicissitudes. Please log in to add to WorkSpaces. A number of other Hungarians wish to go to Australia but arrangements are not yet complete for moving them. Refugees from Hungary journey from Austria to Denmark by train. The Norwegian Red Cross has so far sent to Hungarian refugees in Yugoslavia food and other supplies to an approximate value of 850,000 Norwegian crowns. With a growing open access offering, Wiley is committed to the widest possible dissemination of and access to the content we publish and supports all sustainable models of access.

For the relief of Hungarian refugees in the Federal Republic during the 1956 financial year, as part of the assistance to war victims programme : (2) Reception centres - 7,000,000 DM 17,000,000, Aid to students and school-children - 400,000. Up to the end of the financial year (31st March 1957) expenditure under this head amounts to approximately DM 29 million. It is not possible to say at present how this scheme will develop, since the departure of Hungarian refugees from the United Kingdom depends to a large extent on the attitude of the countries to which they want to go. This document which is a continuation of Documents 620 and 642 contains the information sent to the Secretary-General on 1st October 1957 by the Governments of Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Turkey and the United Kingdom concerning relief for Hungarian refugees and jDarticulai'ly arrangements made for their resettlement in those countries. The housing problem is the most difficult one to solve.

Many of these refugees later attained prominence in various fields, such as Lszl Kovcs, a renowned cinematographer, whose registration card is pictured above. Most of these 181 refugees are anxious to emigrate but so far entry visas have not been obtained. Since 8th November 1956, when the first convoy arrived on French territory, 12,052 refugees have been received, 10,350 from Austria and 1,702 from Yugoslavia. In the weeks after the second, overwhelming, Soviet military intervention on November 4,1956, 200,000 Hungarians set out on foot in the harsh winter, avoiding roads and paths, each with a single bundle on their backs, crossing minefields and barbed wire to reach the Western and Southern borders to Austria and Yugoslavia. Austrian historians have traditionally highlighted the positive effects that the Hungarian crisis of 1956 had on their country, forcing it to implement the neutrality it had won just one year earlier. Children of school age, who are relatively few, generally attend the German elementary schools. CU A nurse playing with a small girl. The unanimous surge of generosity roused in the French people by the tribulations of the Hungarians has resulted in a considerable flow of assistance to the administering authorities, making it possible in particular to establish a clothing pool from gifts in kind. In addition, an undetermined number of other Hungarian refugees have reached the Federal Republic by diverse means, such as individual migration, job recruitment, infiltration from other Western countries, and student convoys. Some refugees have been unable to exercise their trade because of inadequate knowledge of the language. Wiley has partnerships with many of the worlds leading societies and publishes over 1,500 peer-reviewed journals and 1,500+ new books annually in print and online, as well as databases, major reference works and laboratory protocols in STMS subjects. Other gifts have been collected by various organisations. MS Soldiers and boys unloading blankets from the back of a lorry. The convoys continue to arrive, though at a slower rate than in the early days; the largest groups now come from Yugoslavia, while those from Austria are not more than 50 or 70 strong. Today, all but a few dozen of the refugees who arrived in France before the 1st January 1957 and are of working age have been provided with employment. When studying this exodus and its effects, Hungarys Western neighbour Austria deserves special attention since it was the country that at first received the majority of the refugees. Steps are also being taken to establish these people in industry, thereby helping them to earn a living or improve their position. JDC assisted with lodging in hotels, private dwellings, and camps, supported two kosher kitchens in Vienna, provided kosher food for residents of the camps, and furnished medical care and religious supplies. Another lorry loaded with goods backs up to the plane's hold for loading. 711 So far 2,603 Hungarian refugees have embarked for Canada and 149 for Australia. By a decision of the Executive Committee of U. N. R. E. F. reached iri January 1956, refugees already naturalised as Austrians (Voiksdeutsche and non-German speaking refugees) could benefit under the programme until 30th June 1957, if they had not been naturalised for more than a year. The resulting low wages have on occasion been the cause of misunderstanding and bitterness. As a rule, it is the employers who provide them with accommodation, but, if need be, the employment exchanges also help in this respect. Before they can be introduced to possible employers, they must be decently clothed, and this entails some delay because of the relatively large number (1,300 arrived from Yugoslavia in a single month). The JDC Archives Names Index now includes Hungarian Refugee Cards from 1956-57 from JDCs office in Vienna. Because of this additional financial commitment, together with those which Her Majesty's Government have already assumed, Her Majesty's Government informed the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the Secretary-General of the United Nations last month that they would be unable to make any further financial contributions. Outside in the camp grounds, men stand in small groups drinking from metal mugs. By 30th June 1957, a number of Hungarian nationals had requested visas to return to their home country, generally on the ground that they could not live separated from their families who had remained in Hungary. 40 million. The Federal Government assumed sole responsibility for the cost of their transport from the railway station of departure in Austria. The number of students granted scholarships by the Fonds national des Etudes now totals 78. Young people who have been obliged to interrupt their studies are not usually given jobs, but are given an opportunity of continuing their education in Swedish schools and colleges. The JDC Archives website and digitization project were made possible through a lead gift from Dr. Georgette Bennett and Dr. Leonard Polonsky CBE. Vera and Donald Blinken Open Society Archives. Local personnel were recruited from every JDC office, and by the end of the year, JDC was housing and feeding nearly 11,000 refugees. Various shots of large groups of people carrying bags, crossing the tarmac and boarding the plane, probably refugees from Hungary. The authorities and private charitable organisations do their utmost to promote integration in the Danish community of the refugees received. The great majority have settled in various parts of the country in accordance with their own wishes and they are not subject to control. The reception of Hungarian refugees was based on purely humanitarian considerations. About 300 of them whose files are being studied with a view to the possible allocation of scholarships, are being supported by the French administration. In fact, the crisis hindered Austria's ability to further the cause of Hungarian freedom. Various shots of relief parcels being loaded onto buses ready to leave from Mansion House, London, for Vienna; the Lord Mayor speaking and meeting those leaving with the convoy. These figures do not include approximately 2,700 miners brought to the United Kingdom by the National Coal Board who arc living in Coal Board hostels.

Refugees unable to work are handed over to the social welfare authorities, ff hospitalisation is not necessary they are placed in outlying localities where the housing situation is usually better than in the towns. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. As a result, the total number of recent refugee immigrants in the Federal Republic lies between 14,500 and 14,800'. There are also Swedish correspondence courses to enable them to carry on their studies by themselves once they have found work.

Large-scale refugee movements typically have important political and security repercussions for both the sending and receiving of countries. Resettlement operations are continuing in favour of more recent convoys arriving both from Austria and from Yugoslavia. Hungarian refugees have set up numerous organisations, some of which have been short-lived. Eisenstadt, Burgenland, Austria (close to the border with Hungary). Reception and distribution were completed in the second half of February. Of the total number of 1,232 arrived, 365 have left this country. The remaining 34 proved to be high school pupils. On 1st July 1957, the following international refugees were living in officially organised Austrian camps : 6,906 non-German-speaking refugees, 5,725 German speaking refugees, 14,517 recent Hungarian refugees. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. Travelling in the general convoys, or as individuals, or sometimes in special convoys, 1,068 university students, of whom 1,034 have been recognised as such, have been accepted in Germany. option.

Some 250 Hungarian refugees received by this country have quickly found permanent employment, particularly in handicrafts, and have been placed on an equal footing with Luxembourg workers in regard to wages, social security, working conditions and so forth. Airport building in Vienna, Austria, "Flughafen Wien". Avant-garde experimental films from Hungary, Hoover Archives Research Assistance Scholarship. Information concerning refugees will only be available, therefore, in respect of those newly arrived, who are accommodated in refugee homes and those admitted to hospital, old-age homes or similar institutions. Changes of job are rare. At the level of the Departement, the arrival of the convoys required, and continues to require, co-operation between officials of the Prefecture and those of the French Red Cross, under the overall guidance of the Prefect, particularly for the distribution of the first meals. The Norwegian Red Cross intends shortly to give the Hungarian refugees inYugoslavia further assistance amounting to some 1,150,000 Norwegian crowns.

Donations received in the Federal Republic by welfare organisations (German Red Cross, Cari-tas, Ec. Our core businesses produce scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly journals, reference works, books, database services, and advertising; professional books, subscription products, certification and training services and online applications; and education content and services including integrated online teaching and learning resources for undergraduate and graduate students and lifelong learners. As a result of negotiations between the Norwegian and Yugoslav Red Cross Societies, the " Otesevo " Hotel has been converted into a convalescent home, and the Norwegian Red Cross has undertaken to raise the necessary funds to enable 200 refugees to spend 12 months there . Each reception centre has a special labour exchange to help the refugees find work. The number of refugees in camps varies continually owing; (a) to the influx from beyond the Iron Curtain, and the particularly large number from Yugoslavia; (b) to emigration. There are no refugees left in camps in the Netherlands. Deconstruction of a Myth? The Department of External Affairs is continuing its efforts, through its Missions abroad and through the appropriate international organisations, to secure the resettlement of refugees, who so desire, in other countries. By decision of the Government, the Directorate-General of Land and Housing Questions and the Turkish Red Crescent have taken responsibility for receiving the Hungarian refugees, dealing with the problem of their resettlement and helping to improve their social position. 3,300 Hungarian refugees have been allowed to take up permanent residence in the Netherlands. A meneklteket a hatr tloldaln nagy egyttrzssel fogadta a lakossg, a hatsgok meneklttborok sokasgt lltottk fel, a nyugati demokrcik pedig sorban tettk a felajnlsokat a menekltek befogadsra. | 11 October 1957. The others, numbering about 200, are being maintained by the International Rescues Committee. New Issue of Dorot Highlights JDC Names Indexing Projects, The JDC Archives Names Indexing Project: A Personal Retrospective. Italian Government Departments are taking constant action to this end, in co-operation with such international organisations as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, voluntary organisations, I. C. E. M., U. S. E. P. etc. Archival documents, however, reveal the negative 'spillover' effects of the crisis, at least in the short run. About 500 persons returned home in this way. (2 shots). All applicants for trans-Atlantic emigration (of whom there were many in the first convoys) were determined not to accept work in France, lest they might then be bound by a contract which they could not break. LS Barrier down over road at border. Finally, the crisis worsened Austria's relations with both Hungary and the Soviet Union, thereby undoing the progress made after the State Treaty was signed in May 1955. In addition, the Federal Government has declared its readiness to receive up to 200 students as scholarship-holders of the Ford Foundation; so far, however, it has only been possible to find 102 suitable students for this purpose. As a result of the revolutionary happenings in Hungary, the Federal Government has expended the following sums : To the German Red Cross for emergency measures - DM - 1,000,000, To the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (I. C. E. M.) as a contribution to costs of transport and administration - 647,000. The Turkish Red Crescent gives each Hungarian refugee a monthly allowance of T100 for out-of-pocket expenses. No assistance was requested of any international organisation. Of the 181 refugees still in reception centres 86 are employed, the remainder being dependants. The final resettlement of refugees in Italy is a difficult matter, for economic and social reasons which are sufficiently well known, but it should be borne in mind that the Italian Government is participating in the four-year programme (1954-1958) of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, the object of which is to promote integration in the national economy of their host countries. Of the 867 still in Denmark 655 are accommodated privately, 31 in hospitals or at education centres, while 181 are still living in 5 reception centres, in Engelsholm, Gravens-hoved, Hald Folkekur, Klosterhaden and Sneps-grcl. By 15th September 1957 approximately 4,100 refugees with about 1,200 dependents had obtained work. There are also about 900 Hungarian refugees now in Italy. Between November 1956 and 24th January 1957, the Federal Republic took over about 11,800 Hungarian refugees who arrived from Austria in convoys. It forced Austria to seek substantial financial and logistical help from other countries. Bread is handed out to Hungarian refugees as they arrive at Austrian border. Az 1956. november 4-i msodik, ezttal vgzetes erej szovjet katonai beavatkozs utn nhny ht alatt tbb mint 200 000 magyar vgott neki gyalogszerrel, batyuval a htn, tlvz idejn rkon-bokron, aknazron s szgesdrton t a nyugati s a dli hatrnak, Ausztria s Jugoszlvia fel. Over 4,000 of these cards are available in the Names Index, with more cards added regularly! The attitude of the Federal Government to such organisations, so far as they have cultural and social aims and seek to preserve Hungarian national tradition and awareness, has been essentially benevolent. Conversation handbooks and Hungarian works have been re-published and distributed free of charge, while universities, higher technical establishments, firms and welfare institutions have started language courses. CU Small baby in carry cot. Every effort is made to find them jobs in their own particular trade or, where this is impossible, a similar trade. CU Sign over doorway reads: "Arztlicher dienst" pan down to officers leaving. Such refugees likewise wish to emigrate overseas, but owing to limited opportunities only some of them achieve this aim. In view of their large numbers, they represent a substantial burden on the German universities, whose student population is already too high.

The public labour exchange offices in co-operation with the Dansh Flygtningehjalp, who have at their disposal two special labour exchange officers for the purpose, are doing their utmost to have them permanently employed, and, pending this, special temporary work is arranged. Among the 12,052 refugees who entered France, some, mainly in the first convoys, expressed a desire for trans-Atlantic emigration, and appropriate talks were held with the diplomatic representatives of the United States, Canada and Australia.

Many of them have moved out of camps to hostels, but the movement of family groups out of hostels is a slower process in view of the housing problems involved. In a written reply on March 14th, however, the Home Secretary stated that Her Majesty's Government would be prepared to consider bringing in refugees to replace those who managed to get away to destinations overseas. CU Road sign to Budapest and Pressburg. Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of information and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Thus the total assistance received by these refugees will reach the figure of about two million Norwegian crowns. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. CU Young girl in camp. The students, who were first admitted to the universities as guest pupils (Gasthrer) and have mostly been attending language courses, will be registered as regular students during the summer semester if their knowledge of German is considered sufficient. Voluntary agencies were called upon for aid, and JDC was charged with the task of helping Jewish emigrants waiting for resettlement in other countries. The Federal Ministry for Refugees, for example, subsidises a Hungarian-language newspaper. An official mission has been sent to Yugoslavia to put this decision into effect. The 71 camps now in existence are distributed as follows : 24 in Upper Austria, 11 in Lower Austria, 10 in the Province of Vienna, 7 each in the Province of Salzburg, Styria and Tyrol, 4 in Carinthia and 1 in Vo-rarlberg. Request Permissions, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. An ambulance carrying wounded Hungarian refugees is greeted by relatives at the border with Austria. In principle, education is a matter for the Lnder. Housing of the refugees in the reception centres remains a matter for the military authorities, subsequently assisted by all the departmental services representing the Government.

Two major Istanbul dailies have raised about T40,000 by an appeal to their readers, and the proceeds have been placed at the disposal of the Refugees Management Committee. An integral part of each issue is the review section giving critical reviews of the latest scholarship. Nixon receives hearty welcome from Hungarian refugees & is met by Figl. Apart from the problem of the recent Hungarian refugees still remaining in Austria, there is also the problem of an exceptionally large influx of Yugoslav refugees, amounting, it is estimated, to some 20,000 persons this year. The largest wave of refugees in Europes post-WWII history were the Hungarians fleeing the country after the crushing of the revolution and freedom fight in 1956. Location unknown, possibly UK To help these refugees to adapt themselves more quickly to their new lives, language courses have been organised in the reception centres. Various shots of hall with clothes out on the tables and women sorting through them. A number of measures are now in progress with a view to resettling the refugees. Sovereignty and European Integration, Freedom, Justice, and Identity Introduction. There is no food rationing and children for whom the doctor prescribes a special diet receive up to five meals a day. By the end of February employment had been found for the great majority of the refugees (excluding members of their families). At Bauschlott, near Pforzheim (Wiirtemberg), a Hungarian grammar school subsidised by the Federal Government and Land Wiirtemberg has been in existence for several years. At present, there are only Hungarian refugees living in reception centres. In the early months the resettlement of Hungarian refugees in the French economy met with serious obstacles. Women arriving with parcels tied with string. However, it is believed that about 9,000 have found jobs in this country. The Council of Ministers has authorised the admission of a party of 500 refugees from Yugoslavia together, with their families, the aggregate number not to exceed 1,500 persons. In view of the fact that there is still a considerable Hungarian refugee problem in Yugoslavia it has now been decided that this principle may be extended to that country. Austria and the Hungarian Refugees of 1956-57, Institut fr die Wissenschaften vom Menschen, Tainted Humanity: The Dilemma of Military Interventions, Unfruchtbarkeit als Pathologie der Moderne um 1900, Something Happened. In view of the present state of the Italian labour market, the most effective solution for final resettlement of the refugees remains that of emigration to countries capable of manpower absorption on a vast scale, particularly overseas countries. A certain number of persons who had perhaps left their country in a panic, and others who suddenly found themselves separated from their families, sought to return to Hungary. Various shots of refugee children eating soup.

Various shots of activity at the border crossing, with lorries going through . MS Young children being fed. The National Labour Office expects that these refugees will be able to leave the centres some time this autumn. 2006 Wiley The absorption of the Hungarians into the economic life of the community has also been attended by certain linguistic difficulties, since few of them speak German. (This arrangement does not apply in the case of the 5,000 who have gone to Canada, as 5,000 had already come in from Austria to take their place). Not registered? Furthermore, no distinction was made between refugees of German ethnic extraction and those of Hungarian origin. The Federal Government will finance their studies for the first three semesters. Meals are prepared by cooks recruited among the refugees themselves, each cook receiving a wage of T300. Communication Assistance to individual refugees in distress has been provided from the generous voluntary subscriptions collected, amounting in all to DM. Every Hungarian refugee able to work has found suitable employment. In the event there were many difficulties in the way. This sum includes 15,000 paid to the United Nations Fund for Hungarian Refugees, 15,000 paid to the United Nations Fund for Hungarian Relief, 20,000 paid direct to the Austrian Government and 40,000 contributed to the funds of the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration, which have been mainly responsible for the movement of Hungarian refugees from Austria to the United Kingdom and other destinations. The resettlement of Hungarian refugees in the United Kingdom has so far been financed mainly by payments from the Lord Mayor's Fund, but it is likely that in future Her Majesty's Government will have to assume full financial responsibility for these refugees. Exact figures for Hungarians who have found employment in the United Kingdom are not available, as a number of them have found employment without the assistance of the Ministry of Labour. Various shots of the first three planes bringing Hungarian refugee families to Britain, arriving at Blackbushe Airport, going to reception areas and boarding buses. It is expected that the Federal Government will contribute towards the cost of a new boarding-house for the pupils. Interior camp, a mother nurses her small baby. The refugees were received warmly and with great empathy by the people on the other side of the border; authorities set up refugee camps and Western democracies rushed to offer places for the refugees.

CU Children eating soup. The relief and resettlement measures taken on behalf of the 505 refugees who have reached the country may be summarised as follows : The Immigrants' Hostel at Sirkeci (Istanbul) and the Red Crescent Camp at Pendik (Istanbul), which have been assigned to the Hungarian refugees, have been improved and turned into very comfortable centres conforming to the necessary social standards. CU Road sign to Budapest and Nickelsdorf. Individual homes have been found for all the Hungarian refugees. LS Red cross lorry approaching crossing. The JDC Archives holds 10,000 Hungarian refugee registration cards, which contain biographical information, including birthplace and nationality, profession, temporary address in Austria, and destination, and country of destination. It is expected that, by and large, all refugees of long-standing living in these camps will be integrated with the help of the UNREF programme. The refugees were then immediately distributed among the various Lander, and thence allotted to the different districts (Kreise) and municipalities (Gemeinden). Researchers and interested family historians can access these cards via the Names Index. Interior camp, various shots of women sorting through parcels of clothes, men and women collecting clothes.