An old Jarvis, the sole has a brass hollow profile / concave profile. In the above woodworking hand tool video I share the moment when I opened a new antiqueset of Hollows & Rounds molding planes. This one is an ovolo shape. Round and Hollow Planes, by the Assistance of the Snipes-Bill, and Rabbet-Plane they make the various Sorts of Mouldings. -Richard Neve, Builders Dictionary, 3rd edition, 1736. 4x old wooden round planes. You can also see his lovely hollows & round sets here. Making a jig is not how I like to spend shop time, but this saw guide is worth the investment. A carving gouge is the perfect tool for this. But they are the most pure way of cutting the moldings and the most versatile, because they (along with a rabbet plane) allow you to create and recreate any conceivable shape in the wood. Includes round numbers 14 and 18. Sold as a matched pair, they are priced at $425. The stick of maple shown below has a rare-earth magnet glued to the end; its a simple tool for safely checking the steel as it reaches critical temperature. 7 carving gouge will work well for cleaning up some of the shapes. However, many woodworkers are scared off from jumping in by either a limited tool budget or the limited availability of antique ones in good condition. (Theres a hairline gap at the top, but none at the bottom. Determine if the angle of the wedge needs to increase or decrease. Go ahead and remove about 90 percent of this bevel with a plane so that cutting the round portion is easier. An old hollow profile / concave profile wooden shave with four spare cutters. You want the shape to look almond-like, with the wider part toward the sole. 7 gouge works well for carving it. Five original hollow and round planes made by Stokoe. No catch. The blanks are all 312 wide x 912 long. Any help would be great! 1 x no.10 hollow, 1 x no.10 round Skewed for removal. 1 x round no.10, In other words, rather than seeing a particular color change you would simply see the color become more radiant. One for show. But I wanted to have more of a hybrid style that could cut both with the grain and across the grain. 14R (This works up to #12, then graduates in 1/4 increments.) My friend Bill Anderson recently purchased his first full set ever: But most people that buy a set of hollows and rounds molding planes will actually get a half set, which covers just about anything you would ever need to make. To accommodate a wide variety of planes each of the bits are slightly wider than one would typically expect for their tang width. Standard Half Set* Includes 18 Planes, Even Numbered Pairs 2-18, cutting a Range of Profiles 1/8 1 1/2, Standard Set* Includes 10 Planes, Even Numbered Pairs 2-10, Cutting a Range of Profiles 1/8 5/8, Standard Sizes* Available Are Even and Odd Numbers 1-18, Cutting a Range of Profiles 1/16 1 1/2, Standard Full Set* includes 36 planes numbered 1-18, cutting a range from 1/16 1 1/2. planes hollow moulding sizing rounds thevalleywoodworker https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/popwood_logos-01.png, https://www.popularwoodworking.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/01pwm0416rouboplanes.jpg. Now youre ready to shape the sole. After your blade is tempered and cooled, flatten it again to remove any distortion from the heat. Ill teach you how to make your own planes just like early craftsmen did. Condition: please see photos for condition. This will introduce any stresses to the plane from the wedging action before you cut the profile. Two original vintage round planes made by Varvill & Son, York. Avoid ring-porous hardwoods such as oak because the soft early growth ring layers can suffer undesirable effects once they begin to wear with use. 4 cuts a 14 profile, a No. But straight across irons also have their strengths. Accompanying this change will be a noticeable uptick in the brilliance of the steel. Condition: all parts move freely, please see photos for condition. Because the breast cut is not at 90 its skewed approximately 3.5 it will not create a consistent-width opening. Take care to not remove the side of the mouth right up to a knifes edge; that would weaken this point and cause shavings to jam in this area and be a constant problem, so leave it a bit heavy. A pair of no.16 hollow and round planes made by Gleave, Oldham St Manchester. 6). True up the edges of the wedge with a small shoulder plane and check to ensure that the angles are correct (90 for the bed side of the wedge, and make sure the breast side corresponds to the breast skew angle in the body). Some experts recommend starting off with one or two pairs that fall inbetween sizes #4-#12. 4s; 1516 for the No. Position the blade along the bed angle and let it overhang the sole. We may receive a commission when you use our affiliate links.

You can purchase it from Lie-Nielsen here. thick, by the width of your blade, plus about, . WoodAndShop.com recommends products with links to online stores, some of which are part of affiliate programs. The wedge tip must fit tight on all three sides or shavings will catch. Orient the plane body so that the grain runs downhill from toe to heel. Start with #120 grit as before, then follow with #180- through #320-grit sandpaper on the cutting face, then jump to a #1,000-grit stone. Use enough pressure to let the paper do its work, but dont press too hard or youll round the edges excessively. Condition: round plane has crack to wedge, please see photos for condition. Matt Bickford isone of the few people who currently makes& sellshollows and rounds, and hes the author orMouldings in Practice (you can buy it hereand download a free chapter here). To make the matching hollow, follow all the steps above up until shaping the sole. Overall length is 10. 4, 6 and 8 are the ones I most often reach for. ), Dimension your wedge stock 714 long (or longer) by 1 14 thick, by the width of your blade, plus about 164. A compass is the most accurate way to do this and keep both ends of the plane profile coplanar. I havent seen anything yet that hasnt been drop everything and read this interesting. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The tapered irons, made of hardened and tempered O-1 tool steel are bedded at 50 or 55 degrees. Now final-grind and hone the edge. Use a compass to accurately mark the arch. (A granite surface plate or even the bottom of jointer plane sole makes a great flat surface. Breast cut. Ensure that the sole is straight and that the blade profile matches the sole as closely as possible. Mark out an 11.5 taper along the length of the workpiece, and a 3.5 skew across its width to match the breast skew angle. Hollows and Rounds are molding planes that are used to cut moldings for furniture and architectural elements. I want to walk you through the advice that I received from hand plane experts on how to choose the right features when buying hollows and rounds molding planes. They cut a bit more cleanly when you are cutting along the grain. Matched set of 18 planes includes 15 hollows and rounds (no No.

woodworker valley bob armed trusty label touch wife then That way, your new planes will fit nicely in your British-style tool chest, and likely match many of the planes you already have. A mixed set contains some plains and pairs that were originally together, and also some harlequin planes. Clean, sharp and usable with no rust or pitting on the irons. Grind the lower portion down to the required blade width while leaving the last 1. He shared his recommendation here: I often recommend starting with either pairs of 6s and 10sor 4s and 8s. Now youre ready to get started on preparing and shaping the iron. It is called dedicated because it can only cut one profile. (This extra width will be smoothed flush to the side of the plane later. Dont carve clear down to the bottom of the breast wall. Any product claim about a service or product should be verified with the manufacturer. 2 round planes no. Condition:all parts move freely, the number 10 plane has a chip on the sole (reflected in the price), please see photos for condition. 6s; and 118 for the No. If youre just looking to sell them quickly, then just put them on ebay with as many photos as youRead more . I find the opening of my tail vise works perfectly. Lay out the round profile on the toe and the heel as shown in Elevation (page 25) and the photo above. 4, 6 and 8 are the ones I most often reach for. eat treating O1 tool steel is simple. 1 x round no.8, If interested, contact us and we will give an estimated date for delivery. In short, bring it to critical temperature, quench it in vegetable oil, then temper it in an toaster oven or regular kitchen oven for one hour at 400. It will change when the critical temperature is reached because the carbon begins to flow within the steel and some decarburization takes place at the surface, thus changing how it looks. We run our website based on principles of integrity, and dont recommend any product that we wouldnt use ourselves. ollows and rounds are making a strong comeback in the hand tool woodworking world. Make a sneck for easier adjustments or leave the iron as is. Its time to refine the mouth opening and, at the same time, cut the wear bevel angle. Its important that the profile not twist or your plane wont function correctly. Think of pizza slices; a large slice and a tiny slice have the same arc at the top. Use the angled surfaces of the jigs body to guide your saw in trimming the fence to match their respective angles. Your email address will not be published. moulding making plane planes own snipes below One of the planes says MATHIESON GLASGOW. Do you have any old tools or vintage tools you wish to sell? In short, bring it to critical temperature, quench it in vegetable oil, then temper it in an toaster oven or regular kitchen oven for one hour at 400. 1 x hollow no.14, Youre done when you achieve a consistent scratch pattern on both faces.

1 x no.7 hollow plane. Hello Douglas, I just saw your moulding planes. numbered 1-18. We thank you for wasting some of it with us. Thank you. Take it or leave it. Three hollow and round planes made by A.Mathieson & Son, Glasgow. Save up to 64% and get a free gift. 14 hollow, No. 10 and 18 made by Gleave, Manchester. 1 x round no.16, The below photo shows a dedicated molding plane (also called a complex molding plane). J.M. Use the thickness of your blade to mark off how much material needs to be removed so the blade can pass through the sole. Consistent bed and breast angles are at the heart of efficient planemaking and this jig will help you achieve that. Includes: Remove just the tips of the facets and no more. The Sizing and Numbering of Hollow and Round Planes, Making Traditional Side Escapement Planes. The final length of the blades shown here is 8 (7 38 works for the Roubo-style planes, too). While the blade is tempering in the oven take this time to round the heel of the grip on the body. Hollows and rounds are pitched at 52 degrees. We can also make left handed planes. ebay.com and Amazon.com) those affiliate links may lead to referral compensation to us. Cut the toe profile if desired or it leave square, then chamfer the top edges and refine the surfaces. Simple Woodworking Projects, mortise chisel (Lie-Nielsen carries a nice one), Paint Creatively on Your Walls With the Best Masking Tapes for Painting, Transform Your Garage Into a Cozy Workshop With the Best Garage Heaters, Draw Precise Reference Lines Every Time With the Best Marking Gauges, Level up Your Woodworking Skills With the Best Power Saws, Drive and Pull Out Nails Conveniently With the Best Claw Hammers, Keep Your Strikes Precise With the Best Dead Blow Hammers, Work With Ease and Comfort With the Best Cordless Angle Grinder, Make Your Furniture More Durable With the Best Threaded Inserts, The Best Wire Crimping Tools for Electricians and Homeowners, Connect Your Wires Safely With the Best Butt Connectors, 40 Years in the Making: A Timeline of Popular Woodworking. However, many woodworkers are scared off from jumping in by either a limited tool budget or the limited availability of antique ones in good condition. will be the maximum width of the opening at the sole. Shown above are some details of the hollow and round planes we produce. Saw Guide Side View. 1x no. Do this by rubbing it back and forth on a 3-wide strip of #120-grit aluminum-oxide sandpaper adhered with spray adhesive to a flat surface. Note that the drawing shows center points for using a compass to lay out a 38-radius arch (which corresponds to the No. A sneck can be made as easily as notching out a bit of the steel on the side of the iron near the heel. Using a mechanical pencil, strike a mouth line on the sole by resting it against the blade as a reference while drawing that mouth opening line. 37 items found in Hollow and Round Planes. Scribe & grind. Use a scribe to trace the soles profile onto the blade. Hollows and rounds, used individually or in combination, will shape the curved surfaces of any molding ranging from simple quarter rounds, coves and bullnoses through side beads, ogees, astragals and ovolos. 1 x no.12 round plane. When choosing a blank, keep in mind that there is a strong relationship between the iron width, wedge thickness and other variables (presence of fence, etc). Now immediately move to your oven to temper for one hour at 400. Condition: please see photos for condition. Planemakers helper. We run these planes in by order fairly regularly, and would encourage any interested customers to contact us with requested sizes. 16H, 16R Now excavate the material between the two kerfs down to the blade-depth line. Irons cannot be returned once they have been cut or heat treated. For proper fitting techniques, we recommend Larry's DVD: Making Traditional Side Escapement Planes. We are happy to clear workshops, sheds, garages. The most common half set is an even numbered half set. (pairs 2-18). 1. Before you plane the profile, insert the blade, pull it back slightly from the mouth (so that you dont nick it), and insert the wedge. Mitchell is the owners mark. Hollows and rounds, on the other hand, can cut any shape that you can draw. Simply place the body on its side and pare straight down across the heel. For the fence, choose some material that will overhang the bottom in all directions. Put machinist layout fluid on the lower edge of your blade. See thepreview of the DVD below: Below youll find links to the best places to look for hollows and rounds (both sets and pairs), along with links to other resources: I hope this has helped! Tight tip. -radius arch (which corresponds to the No. Our planes are made of quarter sawn beech, as were most originals. Here is a video preview of his recent DVD called Moldings in Practice (yes, the same name as his book): I purchased this DVD (from Lie-Nielsen here) and really found it incredibly helpful. The road to success is to evenly heat the metal. I find a spoon-carving knife is a great tool for refining the shape. Secure the body between bench dogs, with the escapement side up and the sole toward you. Larry Williams released an excellent DVD called Making Traditional Side Escapement Planes which shows how to make hollows and rounds planes. Leave a little. Plane the profile from toe to heel working with the grain. To sharpen the blade for the hollow, I prefer to use a ceramic slipstone. The plane with the handle may looks like it may be a spill plane. Line em up. *** FREE SHIPPING in the U.S. *** WE BUY TOOL COLLECTIONS! We list fresh tools EVERY. Youll also need 18-thick O1 tool steel blade blanks (surface ground on both faces) to match the size of the profile (two each per set). Condition: please see photos for condition. Youll make the round first, because youll use it later to shape the hollow profile. Heel of planes showing rounded grip for comfort. Would love your thoughts, please comment. Thanks Joshua for this comprehensive treasure trove of information and resources on this intriguing aspect of woodworking! Includes: You dont need a whole set to get started anyway. 2H Sole material. Any stock that didnt quite make the cut as plane material should work fine. The three sizes in this article Nos. To achieve this, ensure that the bed and breast areas are clear of any stray fibers in the corners. A made up pair of wooden no.14 hollow and round planes made by A.Mathieson & Son, Glasgow. So heat slowly. 8 cuts 12.) It will lie approximately midway between the bed and breast angle. That fancy type of stamp is also a maker stamp. A round plane made in England by Salmen, Master. Tool steel is available in short lengths at a number of online suppliers, including McMaster-Carr (mcmaster.com) and Online Metals (onlinemetals.com). Condition: No.16 lacks blade, please see photos for condition. Bickford, How to Choose Wood Lumber for Woodworking | 7 Easy Steps, How to Square, Flatten, and Dimension Rough Boards with Hand Tools, How to Make a Mortise and Tenon Joint with Woodworking Hand Tools, Privacy Policy, Rules, Terms & Conditions. Includes: Using the mouth-opening line as a reference, mark your wear bevel angle (see the Profile on page 25). Includes: 1 x no.18 round , 1 x no.12 round, 1 x no.2 round, 1 x no.14 hollow, 1 x no.5 hollow. This is where the rubber meets the road. Another option is to watch the surface quality of the steel. 1x no.15 round, If users make purchases in those stores (e.g. To grind the hollow profile, I use a narrow metal-working cut-off wheel mounted on my grinder. The wedge needs to have support against the breast wall all the way to its tip. He lives on a small farm in Earlysville, Virginia with his wife and four children, and builds furniture and teaches woodworking classes in his workshop. Dont let that hold you back any longer. Condition: please see photos for condition. Roubo shows a sneck on his irons a small flag-shaped bit of material at the heel that allows the iron to be retracted or removed with a light hammer strike upward. For information on how to choose the correct blank size, please refer to Larry William's article: The Sizing and Numbering of Hollow and Round Planes. However, this does not impact our recommendations. True up these surfaces with a handplane. 18H, 18R Traditionally, Western planes were made mostly in beech. Wedge the blade in the plane and place it in your tail vise with the sole up. Condition: please see photos for condition. Make adjustments to the wedge by laying the wedge flat on the benchtop and grip it with one hand. works for the Roubo-style planes, too). A compass is the most accurate way to do this and keep both ends of the plane profile coplanar. You can use a 18 chisel or, better yet, a specialty 110 mortise chisel (Lie-Nielsen carries a nice one) to pass through the sole opening. Beech. You just have to be careful that a harlequin set of hollows & rounds has an accurate transition because not all plane makers had the exact same sizes. Just try to make the 55 side of the guide 90 to its face as best you can. Using the same gouge as before (18mm, No. Tool steel is available in short lengths at a number of online suppliers, including McMaster-Carr (, The final length of the blades shown here is 8 (7. Just periodically remove the steel briefly from the flame and check it with the magnet. Im looking for a wide hollow plane with a slight curvature for hollowing boat planks. An original pair of no.16 hollow and round planes made by Gleave, Oldham St Manchester. Andr-Jacob Roubo shows and describe these planes in his 18th-century masterwork lArt du menuisier. What Ill show you reflects Roubos plane construction coupled with British/American styling and proportions. I find that an 18mm, No. odd numbered half setsare less common (pairs 1-17). Condition: please see photos for condition.

No matter what you choose, select quartersawn stock for seasonal stability. 1x no.14 round, *M. S. Bickford recognizes that you have many ways to waste time on the internet. The angle at which the iron sits inside the plane, in relation to the horizontal workbench, is called pitch. A full set of hollows and rounds includes 18 pairs (36 total molding planeswowzers!) The skewed breast will leave a triangular bit of material that will need to be removed. Use your plane blade as a guide to mark out how much material needs to be removed. Heat the steel slowly using a simple MAPP gas torch. Its hard to see from the side profile, but they are half descent profiles. Just like a flashlight appears brighter at night than in daylight, so too color alone in changing light conditions can be deceptive. With your striking knife, mark along the front of the blade across the portion of the breast that blocks the blades passage through the sole. So in essence, the wedge will have a slightly more acute angle than the bed and breast angles. (This extra width will be smoothed flush to the side of the plane later.). Youll see my set of hollow & round molding planes in plenty of future videos! Condition: please see photos for condition. All are 8" (20.32cm) long, have a bit length of 2-3/16" (5.55cm) and are tapered from 1/8" (3.17mm) to 1/16" (1.58mm) over the total length of the blade. Vintage hollow and round planes made by Varvill & Son, York. Or, you can replicate Roubos sneck style by selecting a piece of steel that is at least 18 wider than the required blade width. For that, youll use your new round plane to cut the hollow profile. 2x wooden planes with round profiles. SINGLE. Its important that the profile not twist or your plane wont function correctly. If the gap closes up once the wedge is tapped with a plane hammer, then you are just about perfect. Avoid relying on color because ambient light will affect the color you see. You might need to adjust the wedge angle slightly to compensate for slight thinning of the blade edge during flattening and sharpening. Use a sharp shoulder plane to take tapering cuts along the length of the non-skewed side of the wedge to either increase or decrease its angle. These planes will change your profession or hobby. 6R 1x no.18 hollow, Stop there and put layout fluid on the face of the blade and scribe the profile on the blade end as before. Condition: a couple of old treated worm holes, please see photos for condition. I also understand that a snipes bill and a side round set will be useful. If you have the time and interest to make your own hollows and rounds molding planes, then youre in luck! 1 x hollow no.4, If you dont have a router plane, simply undercut the dado slightly so that the blade and wedge will seat snuggly at the top and bottom. Condition: please see photos for condition. Follow up with a narrow blade in your router plane to achieve a consistent depth. Six wooden hollow and round planes made by Varvill. 7 gouge works well for carving it. Dont wander. Both planes came from the same previous owner so we would like to keep them together. Includes we believe: 4 round, Home / Blog / Woodworking Blog / How to Buy Hollows & Rounds Molding Planes. 6 round. I finish my planes with a coat of Tru-Oil Gun Stock finish. Stocking the various sizes is not practical. Use a chisel, working down from the side and up from the sole, to clear this material. 1x no. Now, cut the wear bevel with a chisel, using a combination of cuts from the side and bottom. Red Rose Reproductions makes hollow and round planes generally by order. Condition: please see photos for condition.

Feel free to email me some photosjust send me an email through my website and Ill respond with the email address that you can send photos to. Orient the plane body so that the grain runs downhill from toe to heel. Plane numbers: 10 and 16 2 original hollow and round planes made by Gleave, Oldham St Manchester. Heat treating O1 tool steel is simple. Lay out the angles according to the drawing below, then cut freehand with a backsaw. Placing both the wedge and the shoulder plane flat on the benchtop will keep the edge of the wedge square while making adjustments to its fit. While you can make a plane out of just about any hardwood, some woods are clearly the better choice. Condition: please see photos for condition.

A mechanical pencil makes an offset line that is consistent and easy to see. Flatten the lower 2, or so of the blade on front and back. Place the guide forward of your bed-angle kerf on the sole by 532. Hollows and rounds are making a strong comeback in the hand tool woodworking world. Here are the following pitches that youll encounter in hollows and rounds molding planes: I followed the recommendation of some friends who suggested that I purchase a set of hollows and rounds that were either cabinet pitch or middle pitch. 6). Condition:, all parts move freely, please see photos for condition. Condition: all parts move freely, please see photos for condition. We may receive a commission from sales referred by our links; however, we have carefully selected these products for their usefulness and quality. Finish up the profile by removing the remainder of the side bevel with a handplane. 9 1/2 inches long. The wedge should fit tight at the tip rather than at the upper portion of the wedge. One should expect to cut or grind the bit to the appropriate width. Dont fret if your angles arent perfect; any variation will be worked out later in the process of fitting the wedge. A non-traditional wood that is worth considering is hard maple. 12 round, 2 x no.12 hollow. Your blade is now ready for test-fitting the wedge. 1 x hollow no.2, Secure your saw guide in place with a holdfast and cut down as deep as your plane blade is wide. Make sure the bench is flat.

But of course, it isnt necessary to have a matched set like mine. I found a set of 13 of these on my route and have been trying to find someone to take them to and have looked at and find out the value of them. A wooden hollow plane no. Funny enough, my set has 58 pitch, which is right in between a middle pitch and cabinet pitch! Put a light coat of jojoba oil on the blade for rust resistance and ease of adjustment. Flatten the lower 212 or so of the blade on front and back. I find that an 18mm, No. back from the toe then subtract the thickness of your sawplate. If you find shavings keep getting jammed in the mouth, it is likely due to one (or more) of the following: a dull blade; a blade profile that doesnt match well or extends out too far at the blind side; a mouth that is too small for the depth of cut; a wedge tip that extends into the wear bevel; or a wedge tip that is not tight-fitting, which creates a gap in which shavings catch. One makes the eye shape while the other visually continues the circular shape of the escapement around. Small adjustments can be made to the skew angle of the wedge by pivoting the iron in the shoulder plane body so that it takes a slightly deeper cut on the side that needs more material removed. (A No. A guide that registers your cuts for the bed and breast angles is worth your time to make. DAY. Secure the guide in place with a holdfast, then register your crosscut backsaw against the guide and cut down the layout line for the plane blade. 1 x no.12 round, You dont need a whole set to get started anyway. Five good clean hollow and round planes made by Gleave, Oldham St Manchester. All thats left to do is cut the wedges finial profile with your coping saw. These blanks can also be used to create an almost unlimited number of profile irons. For example, a #12 pair would include one #12 hollow (that cuts 60 degree hills) and one #12 round (that cuts 60 degree valleys): Every plane cuts 60 degrees of a circle, just a different sized section. Collection of 5 hollow and round planes marked Summers Varvill Ebor Works, York. Matt also wrote this article The Case for Hollows & Rounds in Popular Woodworking Magazine. Blade width: 10mm But if you are on a tighter budget (cant afford $3,750 for his half sets), you should purchase some antique hollows & rounds like me (see links at the bottom were you can find antique sets). But budget-minded woodworkers (good boys) can also purchase a harlequin set or a mixed set. Youll end up with a faceted surface that can be smoothed round with a few light passes of #220- or #320-grit sandpaper. The three sizes in this article Nos. Condition: please see photos for condition. That is a well-known plane maker from Glasgow Scotland. Using these irons as replacements in later planes may require making a new wedge. You can cut a whole lot of moldings with just a few pairs of hollows and rounds. Then I grind to the line. A firebrick enclosure helps evenly distribute heat on the tool steel. Again wedge the blade in place, but leave it extended beyond the sole a short distance. We can make any size from #2 to #18, and a choice of 50 or 55 degree bed angles. , depending on the size plane youre making) on the top and bottom of the plane body from the escapement side. Do this by rubbing it back and forth on a 3-wide strip of #120-grit aluminum-oxide sandpaper adhered with spray adhesive to a flat surface. Now secure the body in your vise with the sole facing up and toe toward you but secure it only by part of the heel section to avoid distorting the plane along its length (which could throw off the profile once you remove it from the vise). Glad you subscribed! Three hollow and round planes made by Stokoe.