Later, an attack by Prussian hussars caused serious losses to the French defenders. [55], The Allies had only learned of the French evacuation at 7:00 on the morning of the 19 October. Meanwhile, Charles John had begun a concerted propaganda campaign in Germany, drawing on his experience as Minister of War during the French Revolution, to stoke German nationalist feeling and calling on the kings of Bavaria and Saxony, whose armies he had commanded in 1805 and 1809, to repudiate their French alliances. It also dealt a harsh blow to Napoleon himself, who had a second French army destroyed in as many years, and was decisively defeated in battle again, repeating such defeats as the one suffered in 1809 at the Battle of Aspern-Essling, severely damaging his reputation as a military genius. [11] Napoleon hurried back to France and managed to mobilize another large army, but severe economic hardship and news of defeats had led to war-weariness and growing unrest among France's population.[12]. Later events in the battle proved the Russian emperor's judgments correct. [53] The colonel then passed this responsibility to a corporal, who was unaware of the carefully planned time schedule. same as always: abuse AI-behaviour. [43] This broke the encirclement which the Allied forces earlier had made against the Grande Arme, clearing the way for its retreat which would take place later the next day.[43]. [40], The Prussian 9th Brigade occupied the abandoned village of Wachau while the Austrians, with General Bianchi's Hungarians, threw the French out of Lnig. [31]:932933, The Austrian II Corps, commanded by Merveldt, advanced towards Connewitz via Gautzsch and attempted to attack the position. Russian General Wrttemberg was notable for his extreme bravery directing his troops under fire. The French Imperial cavalry was similarly insufficient, making it difficult for Napoleon to keep his eyes on his lines of communications or even scout enemy positions, a fact which influenced the outcome of the Battle of Grobeeren and others during the German campaign. The Austrians proceeded to give a demonstration of combined arms cooperation as Austrian cavalry attacked French infantry to give the Austrian infantry time to arrive and deploy in the attack on Dlitz, but the Young Guard threw them out. [33][32][34], Liebertwolkwitz was a large village in a commanding position, defended by Marshal MacDonald and General Lauriston with about 18,000 men. Bogue, seizing the moment, charged at the head of his escort squadron of cavalry. Pp. [32], The northern front opened with the attack by General Langeron's Russian corps on the villages of Gro-Wiederitzsch and Klein-Wiederitzsch in the centre of the French northern lines. 88-90. The Allied cavalry advance posts were ordered to attack without relief the French advanced posts during the night to determine whether or not the French were attempting to withdraw. Reynier himself witnessed this, and he rallied the remaining Saxons at his disposal, but to no avail, because Wrttemberg's cavalry also deserted from the French, forcing the French line in Paunsdorf to fall back. However, Alexander refused to surrender even as the French occupied the city, which was set on fire by the time of its occupation. 1819 October:365,000[1], 1617 October:177,000[1]700 guns[3] IV Corps was needed by Napoleon for his attacks on the main Austro-Russian armies positioned at the south, and since they did not take part in the attack as they were that time engaging the Austrians in Lindenau, his attack failed. Schwarzenberg then drafted another plan that was largely designed to let everyone do as they pleased. Got it down to 14 turns on ensuing attempts but never down to 13 for a star. At this point, Napoleon ordered General Drouot to form a grand battery of 150 guns on Gallows hill. He was sent six battalions under Major-General Gibbs, plus the Rocket Brigade. The Prussians entered Wachau, engaging in street-to-street fighting. The French counterattacked, throwing the Austrians out of the school and back over the river. 5253, 101. The battle ended the French Empire's presence east of the Rhine and brought secondary German states (e.g. [18], With the intention of knocking Prussia out of the war as soon as possible, Napoleon sent Marshal Nicolas Oudinot to take the Prussian capital of Berlin with an army of 60,000. Those in Lindenau were to move to Weissenfels. [38] But soon the French held, the fighting later ground down into a stalemate, and the Austrians were driven back not far from the village. The French were also exhausted after the battle, and were themselves retreating at a fast pace towards the Rhine. thank you very much. Upon learning of Schwarzenberg's main plan to call for a secondary attack on the bridge between Leipzig and Lindenau to be led by Blcher and Gyulay, and a main attack astride the Pleie River to be led by General Merveldt, Hessen-Homburg and the Prussian Guard, he insisted that this was a disastrous tactic as it would not permit the Coalition armies to outflank and encircle Napoleon's army and destroy it. [32], The bloodiest fighting of the battle occurred in Probstheida, a village just southeast of Leipzig. Despite the injunction to avoid battle with the Emperor, the Army of Bohemia engaged Napoleon at the Battle of Dresden on 27 August where the French won a crushing victory. [21], The French had around 160,000 soldiers along with 700 guns[3] plus 15,000 Poles, 10,000 Italians, and 40,000 Germans belonging to the Confederation of the Rhine, totalling 225,000 troops. Artillery caused the majority of the 9,000 Allied and 7,000 French casualties, and the French lost another 2,000 prisoners. The French artillery had only 20,000 rounds left. The Prussians advanced from Wartenburg, the Austrians and Russians from Dresden (which they had recently retaken, after the Battle of Kulm), and the Swedes from the north. [53] The corporal ignited the fuses at 1:00 in the afternoon while the bridge was still crowded with retreating French troops and Oudinot's rearguard was still in Leipzig. The heavy fighting in Paunsdorf and Schnefeld set both villages on fire. During the armistice, the monarchs of Russia and Prussia met with Crown Prince Charles John of Sweden at Trachenberg Castle in Silesia where the former French Marshal outlined a strategy for defeating Napoleon that, with added details from the Austrians following their joining of the Coalition on 12 August 1813, became known as the Trachenberg Plan. [66], 1813 battle during the War of the Sixth Coalition, "Battle of the Nations" redirects here. The Battle of Leipzig[b] (French: Bataille de Leipsick; German: Vlkerschlacht bei Leipzig (German: [flklaxt ba lapts] (listen)); Swedish: Slaget vid Leipzig), also known as the Battle of the Nations (French: Bataille des Nations; Russian: , romanized:Bitva narodov), was fought from 16 to 19 October 1813 at Leipzig, Saxony. Its a good idea to get the bonus 'christian territories' fast, worth 10 armies. [36] However, Murat's choice of massive columns for the attack formation was unfortunate for the French force, as smaller mobile formations of Russian, Prussian, and Austrian cavalry were able to successfully harass Murat's division, driving them back to their own artillery, where they were saved by the French Guard Dragoons.

[9] The campaign ended in complete disaster as Napoleon and his remaining forces retreated during the bitter Russian winter, with sickness, starvation, and the constant harrying of Russian Cossacks and partisans leaving the Grande Arme virtually destroyed by the time it returned from Russia. The town itself was still held by five Franco-Saxon battalions. Napoleon had underestimated Allied aggressiveness and miscalculated the position of Blucher and the Army of Silesia, and his men had suffered a sharp repulse at Mckern as a consequence. Poniatowski retook Markkleeberg, but was thrown out by two Prussian battalions. [19][20] With an intact Army of the North threatening from the direction of Berlin, and Blucher's army moving toward the Elbe, Napoleon was compelled to withdraw westward. [62], With the Confederation of the Rhine dissolved and Prussia once again becoming one of the continent's great powers after its severe setbacks in 1806,[25] the Coalition armies pressed the advantage and invaded France in early 1814. Though Napoleon repeatedly engaged some of their units during his counter-offensive campaign, he was eventually forced to abdicate after Paris fell to the Allies and exiled to the island of Elba. However, Ney's command disintegrated following a catastrophic defeat at the hands of von Bulow and Charles John at Battle of Dennewitz. The main battery stood in reserve, and during battle was to be deployed on the Gallows Height. [37] General Langeron rallied his forces and finally took both villages with heavy casualties. The artillery reserve and parks, ambulances, and baggage stood near Leipzig, which Napoleon made his supply base for the battle. Despite Schwarzenberg's request that Alexander send the Russian Guard, the Russian emperor ordered that more assaults were to be undertaken against the village. [51][43] At first, French officers saw the Saxons' rushing towards the advancing Prussians as a charge, but treachery became evident as they saw the Saxons asking the Prussians to join with them for the impending assault. [27], However, not willing to plan the battle by himself as he had done during his disastrous defeat at Austerlitz almost a decade earlier, Alexander had Schwarzenberg draft another battle plan based on his thoughts and views. Actually not that hard once you know what to pay attention to. [53] Soon thereafter between 8:009:00 am they launched a full-scale assault from the north, south, and east against the retreating French. Blcher, who was made a field marshal the day before, ordered General Lanskoi's Russian 2nd Hussar Division to attack General Arrighi's III Cavalry Corps. On the southern front, although Napoleon gained ground, he could not break the Allied lines. [53] As the Russians and Prussians entered the city through the Halle and Grimma gates they fell upon barricades and houses full of French soldiers. The action he had ordered Blcher to take met with great success north of Leipzig and the actions of the Russian Guard were decisive in halting the all-out French attack on Gulden Gossa in the south. [53] The explosion and subsequent panic caused a rout that resulted in the deaths of thousands of French troops and the capture of 30,000 others. Large masses of troops had now moved to the east bank of the river. At first sign of the attack, the Polish division attacked. On the other hand, the actions of the Austrians along the Pleisse River, part of Schwarzenberg's initial plan, ended in failure. Can't figure this one out. The Austrians repaired a bridge and took a school building and manor. [c], Despite being outnumbered, Napoleon planned to take the offensive between the Pleie and the Parthe rivers.

The battle wavered back and forth with attacks and counterattacks. Only the 2/73rd took to the field under General Wallmoden and were present at the. He deployed his army around the city, but concentrated his force from Taucha through Sttteritz, where he placed his command. The battle was the culmination of the German Campaign of 1813 and involved 560,000 soldiers, 2,200 artillery pieces, the expenditure of 400,000 rounds of artillery ammunition, and 133,000 casualties, making it the largest battle in Europe prior to World War I. Decisively defeated again, Napoleon was compelled to return to France while the Sixth Coalition kept up its momentum, dissolving the Confederation of the Rhine and invading France early the next year. On the other hand, the Allies were strengthened by the arrival of 145,000 troops divided into two armies, one commanded by Bennigsen from the Army of Bohemia's first line and the other, the Army of the North which consisted mainly of Swedish troops, commanded by Bernadotte. Meanwhile, Russian and Austrian forces began attacking French and Saxon positions in Paunsdorf, but after counterattacks by French infantry and deadly canister shots from Franco-Saxon batteries, were driven back. Leggiere, Michael V (2015). [43], During that morning, Bernadotte and Blcher held a conference in Breitenfeld. The rivers that converged there split the surrounding terrain into four separate sectors.

Repeated assaults by Russian musketeers and grenadiers under Langeron finally drove the French out of Schnefeld. [40] So Napoleon began to examine whether the roads and bridges of Lindenau could be used to withdraw his troops, or at the very least to secure a bridgehead crossing on the Pleie River.

French artillery blasted the Prussians out of Wachau and the French recovered the village. This small force was in turn being driven out of Paunsdorf when a barrage of rockets fired in close support[46] again caused the French troops to break ranks. To make matters even worse for Napoleon, in June 1813, the combined armies of Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom, under the command of the Duke of Wellington, had decisively routed the French at the Battle of Vitoria in the Peninsular War, and were now advancing towards the Pyrenees and into France itself. [43][48], More heavy fighting occurred in Schnefeld. [40], Prussian jgers attempted to enter the village by storm but were quickly driven back. French attacks on the manor only resulted in mounting casualties for the French and Poles. In over nine hours of fighting, in which both sides suffered heavy casualties, the French troops were slowly forced back towards Leipzig. [53] They were ordered to hold it for a day or a bit longer, in order to allow the rest of the army, its artillery, and its equipment sufficient time to evacuate. [13] In accordance with the Trachenberg Plan, three Coalition armies were formed, the Army of Silesia of 95,000 men under the command of Gebhard von Blcher, the Army of North Germany of 120,000 (including Swedish garrisons in Stralsund) under Crown Prince Charles John, and the Army of Bohemia, the primary allied army in the field with 225,000 men, under the command of Karl von Schwarzenberg. [25] The third assault was now conducted, this time, by the Russians, commanded by General Raevsky, the hero of Borodino who had arrived a few days earlier from Russia after a delay due to sickness. Chandler, David. I beat my brains out on this level and finally won in 26 turns it took at least 30 tries maybe more.What Timinator said,try to break all boni, break austria first and let ai kill themselves on your defense.Gain back boni and crush russia.Im glad I finally got thru it.Now Im stuck on outrageous.Good luck keep grinding. The Swedish jgers performed very well,[43] losing only 35 men dead and 173 wounded while capturing 647 French prisoners. [49][50], On the western front, the French IV Corps under Bertrand finally drove the Austrian III Corps under Gyulay away from Lindenau. Then the artillery of both sides opened fire upon the village; despite the enormous amount of artillery that the Allies had brought with them, the more powerful French Imperial Guard artillery gradually gained the upper hand. [40], During this time, Napoleon sent Merveldt, who had been captured two days earlier, back to the Allies on parole. The heavy casualties the Coalition armies had incurred and their exhaustion from the bloody 4-day battle they fought made it impossible for them to promptly pursue the retreating Grande Arme. [40] However, he was not yet in the mood for withdrawing as he thought to achieve one more great victory for France. This made Leipzig the largest battle of the Napoleonic wars, surpassing Borodino, Wagram, Jena and Auerstedt, Ulm, and Dresden. Napoleon lost about 38,000 killed and wounded. The 1913 Centennial Exhibition was held in Breslau, for which was built an extensive venue centered around the Centennial Hall. They recaptured both Liebertwolkwitz and Wachau, but the allies countered with Russian Guard and Austrian grenadiers backed by Russian cuirassiers. 4 on 1 with equal income but team of 4 has 2x armies to start. This strategy would ensure the encirclement of the French army in Leipzig and its vicinity, or at least inflict heavy losses upon them to assure the needed decisive results. [45], General Platov's Russian heavy artillery began to fire on the Saxons around Paunsdorf. II. Srpskohrvatski / , [flklaxt ba lapts], "Library of Congress: The Battle of Leipsic or Liberation of Germany a harmonic representation for the piano forte", "Leipzig: Battle of Leipzig: Napoleonic Wars: Bonaparte: Bernadotte: Charles: Blucher", "GERMANS ANGER FRENCH. The French took them by surprise on the flank, mauling them. [32], General Kleist, moving along the Pleie, attacked Poniatowski and Marshal Augereau in the village of Markkleeberg. [52], By the end of the battle on the afternoon of 19 October, the remnants of the Grande Arme had crossed the Elster River and begun a well-ordered retreat. French cuirassiers, under Murat, charged upon the weakened Prussian lines and drove them back.

The course of the battle in the city of Leipzig is marked by numerous monuments and the 50 Apel-stones that mark important lines of the French and Allied troops. [39], There were only two actions on 17 October, one an attack by Russian General Sacken on General Dbrowski's Polish division at the village of Gohlis. Harvard University Press, Cambridge. Six French generals were killed, 12 wounded, and 36 captured including Lauriston and Reynier[52], Out of a total force of 360,000, the Allies suffered approximately 54,000 casualties. The garden and cemetery walls by the Grimma Gate were pierced with loopholes as well as the gates themselves. Estimates range from 80,000 to 110,000 total killed, wounded, or missing. [54] After this, the emperor began to stage the retreat for the Grande Arme westward across the Elster River. Austrian grenadiers then formed in front of Markkleeberg and drove the Poles and French out of the area with a flank attack. The French fell back to Sellerhausen pursued by two Prussian battalions, while the Rocket Brigade formed on the left of a Russian battery and began firing on the retreating columns, causing near-panic. General von Klenau's Austrian IV Corps attacked with 24,500 men backed up by Pirth's 10th Brigade (4,550) and Ziethen's 11th Brigade (5,365). [16][17] After these defeats and defections the French emperor could not capitalize on his victory at Dresden. [42], The Allies launched a huge assault from all sides, this time completely encircling Napoleon's army. [65], In 1829, it was reported in British newspapers that human bones from the battlefield were being collected and shipped to Scotland for use as fertilizer. [32], In the western front, the Austrian III Corps under General Giulay attacked the suburb of Lindenau and had success at first, forcing Marshal Ney to divert General Bertrand's IV Corps to hold the position. These victories led to a brief armistice. This battery was to be commanded by the artillery expert Antoine Drouot. Blcher agreed to dispatch Langeron's army corps, and to renounce his rank and his rights as army commander, putting himself at the head of his Prussians.

The Young Guard was sent in to drive out the allies and give Napoleon his breakthrough. The battle lasted well into the night. Frederick William III attempted to opine to Alexander but could do nothing so he treated the discussion as if it was none of his concern. [29], The French had gained slight victories at Lindenau and Wachau, and sustained a reverse at Mckern. During the fighting, 5,400 Saxons of General Reynier's VII Corps defected to the Coalition, specifically Bernadotte's Army of the North due to the esteem the Saxons had for the former French marshal.